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SSH is usually used to log into remote machines and execute commands, but also supports tunneling, TCP port forwarding and X11 connections; it can transfer files using the associated SSH Transfer (SFTP) file or secure copy (SCP) protocol. SSH uses a client-server model. The TCP 22 standard port has been set up to contact the SSH server.
In particular, Windows is one of the few modern desktop / server OSes that does not include SSH by default. Proprietary, freeware and open source (eg Putty, and OpenSSH versions which are part of Cygwin) versions of various levels of complexity and completeness exist. A native Linux file manager (for example Konqueror) can use the FISH protocol to provide a split-pane GUI with drag-and-drop. The open source Windows WinSCP program provides equivalent file management (synchronization, copy, remote erase) capabilities using Putty as a back-end. Both WinSCP and Putty are available packaged to run directly from a USB drive, without requiring installation on the client machine.